The Muslim population is largely made up of the ethnic Kazakhs, Uzbeks and Tatars.
The second most practised religion in the country is Russian Orthodox Christianity, with the majority of adherents being ethnic Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians.
As in many Asian cultures, the left hand is considered by many to be associated with unclean tasks, and therefore avoid passing or eating food with it.
The majority religion in Kazakhstan is Islam, with about 70% of the population being Sunni Muslims.
Kazakh culture has also been heavily influenced by its neighbours, including China and Russia.
Life Expectancy: 66 years (men), 75 years (women) Dialling Code: 7 Emergency Numbers: 101 (fire), 102 (police), 103 (ambulance) Currency: Tenge Symbols: ₸ ISO 4217 Code: KZT Central Bank: The National Bank of Kazakhstan Currency Sub-Units: Tiyin = 1/100 of a tenge.
Kazakh society is generally based around a rather formal family hierarchy, with elderly people holding positions of respect and esteem.
Men play the key role as head and protector of the family, and they are expected to make decisions which are in the best interests of the family unit.
Kazakh is generally written in the Cyrillic alphabet, the same as is used for Russian, Ukrainian and other languages across Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
However, historically the language has also been written in both the Arabic and Latin alphabets.
The Kazakhstan government is currently working on a transition plan to begin using the Latin alphabet instead, though this process is expected to take more than a decade to complete.